Hand Flying for Level Flight
This exercise will improve the pilot's basic skills of hand-flying the aircraft in stable, level flight. The pilot will be asked to hold an assigned altitude and heading. After a period of acceptable pilot performance, he or she will be challenged further with the failure of primary instruments such as the airspeed, artificial horizon, altimeter, or heading indicator, engine failures, weather, and other potential challenges that may present themselves to a pilot when he or she least expects it. The strategy for adapting to these failures in technically advanced aircraft vary from one to the other.